Thursday, December 29, 2011

The Heart Has Its Own “Brain” & Consciousness

Heart Fields

 Many believe that conscious awareness originates in the brain alone. Recent scientific research suggests that consciousness actually emerges from the brain and body acting together. A growing body of evidence suggests that the heart plays a particularly significant role in this process.

 

Far more than a simple pump, as was once believed, the heart is now recognized by scientists as a highly complex system with its own functional “brain.” Research in the new discipline of neurocardiology shows that the heart is a sensory organ and a sophisticated center for receiving and processing information. The nervous system within the heart (or “heart brain”) enables it to learn, remember, and make functional decisions independent of the brain’s cerebral cortex. Moreover, numerous experiments have demonstrated that the signals the heart continuously sends to the brain influence the function of higher brain centers involved in perception, cognition, and emotional processing. In addition to the extensive neural communication network linking the heart with the brain and body, the heart also communicates information to the brain and throughout the body via electromagnetic field interactions. The heart generates the body’s most powerful and most extensive rhythmic electromagnetic field.  


Compared to the electromagnetic field produced by the brain, the electrical component of the heart’s field is about 60 times greater in amplitude, and permeates every cell in the body. The magnetic component is approximately 5000 times stronger than the brain’s magnetic field and can be detected several feet away from the body with sensitive magnetometers. The heart generates a continuous series of electromagnetic pulses in which the time interval between each beat varies in a dynamic and complex manner. The heart’s ever-present rhythmic field has a powerful influence on processes throughout the body. We have demonstrated, for example, that brain rhythms naturally synchronize to the heart’s rhythmic activity, and also that during sustained feelings of love or appreciation, the blood pressure and respiratory rhythms, among other oscillatory systems, entrain to the heart’s rhythm.  


We propose that the heart’s field acts as a carrier wave for information that provides a global synchronizing signal for the entire body. Specifically, we suggest that as pulsing waves of energy radiate out from the heart, they interact with organs and other structures. The waves encode or record the features and dynamic activity of these structures in patterns of energy waveforms that are distributed throughout the body. In this way, the encoded information acts to in-form (literally, give shape to) the activity of all bodily functions—to coordinate and synchronize processes in the body as a whole. This perspective requires an energetic concept of information, in which patterns of organization are enfolded into waves of energy of system activity distributed throughout the system as a whole.

Basic research at the Institute of HeartMath shows that information pertaining to a person’s emotional state is also communicated throughout the body via the heart’s electromagnetic field. The rhythmic beating patterns of the heart change significantly as we experience different emotions. Negative emotions, such as anger or frustration, are associated with an erratic, disordered, incoherent pattern in the heart’s rhythms. In contrast, positive emotions, such as love or appreciation, are associated with a smooth, ordered, coherent pattern in the heart’s rhythmic activity. In turn, these changes in the heart’s beating patterns create corresponding changes in the structure of the electromagnetic field radiated by the heart, measurable by a technique called spectral analysis.

More specifically, we have demonstrated that sustained positive emotions appear to give rise to a distinct mode of functioning, which we call psychophysiological coherence. During this mode, heart rhythms exhibit a sine wave-like pattern and the heart’s electromagnetic field becomes correspondingly more organized.
  • At the physiological level, this mode is characterized by increased efficiency and harmony in the activity and interactions of the body’s systems.
  • Psychologically, this mode is linked with a notable reduction in internal mental dialogue, reduced perceptions of stress, increased emotional balance, and enhanced mental clarity, intuitive discernment, and cognitive performance.
In sum, our research suggests that psychophysiological coherence is important in enhancing consciousness—both for the body’s sensory awareness of the information required to execute and coordinate physiological function, and also to optimize emotional stability, mental function, and intentional action. Furthermore, as we see next, there is experimental evidence that psychophysiological coherence may increase our awareness of and sensitivity to others around us. The Institute of HeartMath has created practical technologies and tools that all people can use to increase coherence.

Heart Field Interactions Between Individuals

 

Most people think of social communication solely in terms of overt signals expressed through language, voice qualities, gestures, facial expressions, and body movements. However, there is now evidence that a subtle yet influential electromagnetic or “energetic” communication system operates just below our conscious awareness. Energetic interactions likely contribute to the “magnetic” attractions or repulsions that occur between individuals, and also affect social exchanges and relationships. Moreover, it appears that the heart’s field plays an important role in communicating physiological, psychological, and social information between individuals. Experiments conducted at the Institute of HeartMath have found remarkable evidence that the heart’s electromagnetic field can transmit information between people. We have been able to measure an exchange of heart energy between individuals up to 5 feet apart. We have also found that one person’s brain waves can actually synchronize to another person’s heart. Furthermore, when an individual is generating a coherent heart rhythm, synchronization between that person’s brain waves and another person’s heartbeat is more likely to occur. These findings have intriguing implications, suggesting that individuals in a psychophysiologically coherent state become more aware of the information encoded in the heart fields of those around them. The results of these experiments have led us to infer that the nervous system acts as an “antenna,” which is tuned to and responds to the electromagnetic fields produced by the hearts of other individuals. We believe this capacity for exchange of energetic information is an innate ability that heightens awareness and mediates important aspects of true empathy and sensitivity to others Furthermore, we have observed that this energetic communication ability can be intentionally enhanced, producing a much deeper level of nonverbal communication, understanding, and connection between people. There is also intriguing evidence that heart field interactions can occur between people and animals.
In short, energetic communication via the heart field facilitates development of an expanded consciousness in relation to our social world.

The Heart’s Field and Intuition

 

There are also new data suggesting that the heart’s field is directly involved in intuitive perception, through its coupling to an energetic information field outside the bounds of space and time. Using a rigorous experimental design, we found compelling evidence that both the heart and brain receive and respond to information about a future event before the event actually happens. Even more surprising was our finding that the heart appears to receive this “intuitive” information before the brain. This suggests that the heart’s field may be linked to a more subtle energetic field that contains information on objects and events remote in space or ahead in time. Called by Karl Pribram and others the “spectral domain,” this is a fundamental order of potential energy that enfolds space and time, and is thought to be the basis for our consciousness of “the whole.” (See heartmath.org for further detail.)

Social Fields

 

In the same way that the heart generates energy in the body, we propose that the social collective is the activator and regulator of the energy in social systems. A body of groundbreaking work shows how the field of socioemotional interaction between a mother and her infant is essential to brain development, the emergence of consciousness, and the formation of a healthy self-concept. These interactions are organized along two relational dimensions—stimulation of the baby’s emotions, and regulation of shared emotional energy. Together they form a socioemotional field through which enormous quantities of psychobiological and psychosocial information are exchanged. Coherent organization of the mother-child relations that make up this field is critical. This occurs when interactions are charged, most importantly, with positive emotions (love, joy, happiness, excitement, appreciation, etc.), and are patterned as highly synchronized, reciprocal exchanges between these two individuals. These patterns are imprinted in the child’s brain and thus influence psychosocial function throughout life. (See Allan Schore, Affect Regulation and the Origin of the Self.)


Moreover in a longitudinal study of 46 social groups, one of us (RTB) documented how information about the global organization of a group—the group’s collective consciousness—appears to be transmitted to all members by an energetic field of socio-emotional connection. Data on the relationships between each pair of members was found to provide an accurate image of the social structure of the group as a whole. Coherent organization of the group’s social structure is associated with a network of positively charged emotions (love, excitement, and optimism) connecting all members. This network of positive emotions appears to constitute a field of energetic connection into which information about the group’s social structure is encoded and distributed throughout the group. Remarkably, an accurate picture of the group’s overall social structure was obtained from information only about relationships between pairs of individuals. We believe the only way this is possible is if information about the organization of the whole group is distributed to all members of the group via an energetic field. Such correspondence in information between parts and the whole is consistent with the principle of holographic organization.

Synthesis and Implications

 

Some organizing features of the heart field, identified in numerous studies at HeartMath, may also be shared by those of our hypothesized social field. Each is a field of energy in which the waveforms of energy encode the features of objects and events as energy moves throughout the system. This creates a nonlocal order of energetic information in which each location in the field contains an enfolded image of the organization of the whole system at that moment. The organization and processing of information in these energy fields can best be understood in terms of quantum holographic principles.Another commonality is the role of positive emotions, such as love and appreciation, in generating coherence both in the heart field and in social fields. When the movement of energy is intentionally regulated to form a coherent, harmonious order, information integrity and flow are optimized. This, in turn, produces stable, effective system function, which enhances health, psychosocial well-being, and intentional action in the individual or social group. Heart coherence and social coherence may also act to mutually reinforce each other. As individuals within a group increase psychophysiological coherence, psychosocial attunement may be increased, thereby increasing the coherence of social relations. Similarly, the creation of a coherent social field by a group may help support the generation and maintenance of psychophysiological coherence in its individual members. An expanded, deepened awareness and consciousness results—of the body’s internal physiological, emotional, and mental processes, and also of the deeper, latent orders enfolded into the energy fields that surround us.


This is the basis of self-awareness, social sensitivity, creativity, intuition, spiritual insight, and understanding of ourselves and all that we are connected to. It is through the intentional generation of coherence in both heart and social fields that a critical shift to the next level of planetary consciousness can occur—one that brings us into harmony with the movement of the whole.

Internal Stargate & Vortex Based Mathematics

Marko Rodin's work & achievement is a theoretical model of Vortex Based Mathematics, which already found successfully provable practical applications for example in electromagnetic coils based on his theories.





Marko Rodin has discovered the source of the non-decaying spin of the electron. Although scientists know that all electrons in the universe spin, they have never discovered the source of this spin. Rodin has. He has discovered the underpinning geometry of the universe, the fabric of time itself. He has done this by reducing all higher mathematics – calculus, geometry, scalar math – to discrete-number mathematics. 




With the introduction of Vortex-Based Mathematics you will be able to see how energy is expressing itself mathematically. This math has no anomalies and shows the dimensional shape and function of the universe as being a toroid or donut-shaped black hole. This is the template for the universe and it is all within our base ten decimal system! 

The potential scope and breadth of the Rodin Solution is staggering; it is universally applicable in mathematics, science, biology, medicine, genetics, astronomy, chemistry, physics and computer science. The Rodin Solution will revolutionize computer hardware by creating a crucial gap space, or equi-potential major groove, in processors. This gap space generates underpinning nested vortices resulting in far higher efficiency with no heat build-up. The Rodin Solution replaces the binary code with a new code called the binary triplet which will revolutionize computer operating systems. It will transform physics and astrophysics by finally answering how black holes and pulsars work. Space travel will be revolutionized by reactionless drives that are unaffected by the weight they pull, making the present day combustion engine obsolete. The revolution brought on by reactionless drives will far surpass the societal changes wrought by the shift from steam engines to the present day combustion engine. The Rodin Solution can even be applied to ending pollution and drought by creating an inexhaustible, nonpolluting energy source. Because Rodin´s Vortex-Based Mathematics enables him to condense a trillion-fold calculation to only a few integer steps and because he is able to solve all the mathematical enigmas, the Rodin Solution will revolutionize computer information compression. 

Rudimentary versions of the Rodin Coil, or Rodin Torus, have been created and tested by leading scientists and are presently being used by the U.S. Government in antennas that protect the four corners of the continental U.S.. Life-saving medical devices based on crude approximations of the Rodin Coil Torus are being manufactured and used in the treatment of cancer patients. Microsoft´s former senior researcher is using the Rodin Coil to research, develop and patent new computer information-compression schemes. 

Although many people are applying aspects of the Rodin Solution, on the basis of private consultations and a Rodin monograph published 20 years ago, Marko Rodin has never explained key concepts such as the phasing and energization of the Rodin Coil. Although there has been a virtual stampede to get at this work, Rodin has remained silent or uncooperative, preferring to continue his work and research in isolation. He is now ready to reveal publicly the true power and scope of the Rodin Solution.




Here is a link a YouTube playlist with Marko Rodin's
"Vortex Based Mathematics" presentation:

Marko Rodin was the pioneer 
and Randy Powell is his disciple. 
Randy Powell is very advanced in his conceptions. 
I discovered this field of knowledge in late 2010 ... 
work in progress :D



Left Brain & Right Brain Functions Explained

Differences Between Left & Right Brain Functions explained in 2 Lists:

The right side of brain hemisphere

The right side of brain hemisphere specialists in combining the parts to produce a whole. Unlike the left, the right hemisphere organizes things simultaneously. It specializes in a method that perceives and constructs patterns. It is most efficient at visual and spatial processing and it is thought that non verbal stimuli are processed primarily in the right side of brain hemisphere. A person with the right brain dominant is often thought of as the dreamers, the artists, and the musicians. Just because they are not as good with numbers and remembering facts does not mean that they are "dumber" than a left brain person.


Right brain functions


Here are some characteristics of a right brained person. People with a right side brain dominance are usually good at these.

• Right brain controls left side of body
• Prefer visual instructions with examples
• Good at sports
• Good at art
• Follow Eastern Thought
• Cat lovers
• Enjoy clowning around
• Like to read fantasy and mystery stories
• Can listen to music or TV while studying
• Like to write fiction
• Prefer group
• Fun to dream about things that will probably never happen
• Enjoy making up own drawings and images
• Good at geometry
• Like organizing things to show relation
• Can memorize music
• Occasionally absentminded
• Like to act out stories
• Enjoy interacting affectively with others
• Think better when lying down
• Become restless during long verbal explanations
• Enjoy creative storytelling
• Prefer to learn through free exploration
• Good at recalling spatial imagery
• Read for main details
• Skilled in showing relationships between ideas
• Preference for summarizing over outlining
• Solve problems intuitively
• Very Spontaneous and unpredictable
• Dreamer
• philosophical

People of right brain hemisphere dominance tend to choose similar occupations. Here are some occupations that are usually fulfilled by a right brained person.

• Forest ranger
• Wildlife manager
• Athlete
• Artist
• Actor/Actress

The left side of brain hemisphere
The left side of brain hemisphere processes information sequentially and is described as analytical because it specialises in recognizing parts which make a whole. Although it is most efficient at processing verbal information, language should not be considered as being in the left side of brain hemisphere. This hemisphere is able to recognize that one stimulus comes before another and verbal perception and generation depends on the awareness of the sequence in which sounds occur.

Left brain functions


Below is a list of things that people with left side brain dominance are good at or they like and things that are done in the left side of brain.

• Prefer Classical Music
• Your Left-Brain controls the right side of your body
• Prefer things like instructions to be done verbally
• Good at math
• Like to read
• Follow Western Thought
• Very Logical
• Dog lovers
• Don't enjoy clowning around
• Can't be hypnotized
• Usually remember things only specifically studied
• Need total quiet to read or study
• Like to read realistic stories
• Like to write non-fiction
• Prefer individual counseling
• Enjoy copying or tracing pictures and filling in details
• Also like to read action stories
• Usually rational
• Usually do things in a planned orderly way
• If you have to answer someone's question, you won't let your peronal feelings get in the way
• Good at algebra
• Can remember verbal material
• Almost never absent minded
• Like to tell stories but not act them out
• Can think better sitting down
• Like to be a music critic
• Attentive during long verbal explanations
• Prefer well structured assignments over open ended ones
• Read for specific details and facts
• Skilled at sequencing ideas
• Likes to be Organized

People of left brain hemisphere dominance tend to choose similar occupations. Here are some occupations that are usually fulfilled by a left brained person.

• Lab scientist
• Banker
• Judge
• Lawyer
• Mathematician
   
post scriptum:
 
The right side of the brain is a parallel multidimensional processor and the left side of the brain is a serial linear processor. We are interconnected with each other and with the intelligent infinity of the cosmos and we hold the power to transcend.

"What if what you term as God heard everything you thought and considered it a request for it to give you what you were thinking? Would you change the way that you think?" quote - American Monk and Zen Priest Dr. Steven L. Hairfield

Dr. Steven L. Hairfield wrote a few great books. For Example:
"The Twelve Sacred Principles of Karma" (by Dr. Steven Hairfield)
"A Metaphysical Interpretation of the Bible" (by Dr. Steven Hairfield)
Dr. Steven Hairfield's website: http://www.hairfield.com/

Wednesday, December 28, 2011

Ralph Waldo Emerson ~ famous American lecturer, philosopher, essayist, & poet

"What lies behind us and what lies before us
are tiny matters compared to what lies within us. " 
quote - Ralph Waldo Emerson

"Do not go where the path may lead;
go where there is no path and lead a trail."
quote - Ralph Waldo Emerson

“To be yourself in a world that is constantly trying to make you something else is the greatest accomplishment.” quote - Ralph Waldo Emerson
 
Ralph Waldo Emerson was a famous American lecturer, philosopher, essayist, and poet. He was one of the leading figures of Transcendentalist movement. Together with Henry Hedge, George Putnam and George Ripley, Emerson founded the idea of Transcendentalism. He was considered as one of the greatest lecturers of his time and had given more than 1,500 public lectures across the United States during his lifetime. His essay collections namely Essays: First Series and Essays: Second Series were his most significant contribution to American intellect. Some of the important essays covered in these collections including Self-Reliance, The Over-Soul, Circles, The Poet and Experience that gave an impression of his thinking process. He wrote on many topics such as individuality, freedom and the man's ability to realize anything. For his lecturing and orating skills, Emerson became the leading voice of American intellectual at that time and oft-called "the Concord Sage". His works influenced many thinkers and philosophers including Walt Whitman, Henry David Thoreau, Friedrich Nietzsche and William James.


Ralph Waldo Emerson Childhood & Early Life
Ralph Waldo Emerson was born in Boston, Massachusetts on May 25, 1803. His father,William Emerson was a Unitarian minister and his mother was Ruth Haskins. His three siblings, namely Phebe, John Clarke, and Mary Caroline, died in childhood. His other four brothers who survived to adulthood were William, Edward, Robert Bulkeley and Charles. When Emerson was only eight years old, his father died due to stomach cancer. At the age of nine, he joined Boston Latin School in 1812. Emerson took admission in Harvard College in October 1817 and was appointed as the freshman messenger for the president. He had to take various other part time jobs like of a waiter and occasional teacher to cover his school expenses. He completed his graduation from Harvard on August 29, 1821 at the age of eighteen. Due to his health problems, Emerson had to look for warmer climates and as such, traveled to Charleston, South Carolina and then further to St. Augustine, Florida. In St. Augustine, he was befriended with Prince Achille Murat, the nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte. Murat and Emerson became close friends and enjoyed discussions on religion, society, philosophy, and government. According to Emerson, Murat had a major influence on his intellectual education.

Career
After his education from Harvard, Emerson assisted his brother William in a school for young women. After his brother left for Göttingen to study divinity, he took the charge of the school. Once Emerson too worked as a schoolmaster for several years, he went to Harvard Divinity School. He was ordained as junior pastor at Boston’s Second Church on January 11, 1829 and was given an initial salary of $1,200 a year. During this time, he also held other responsibilities like a chaplain to the Massachusetts legislature, and a member of the Boston school committee. His wife’s death on February 8, 1831 deeply affected Emerson and he started having disagreements regarding church’s methods. He finally resigned in 1832 over his disagreements with church officials.In 1832, Emerson traveled Europe and had written his travel accounts in “English Traits” (1857). In his European trip, he went to different parts of Europe such as Italy, Rome, Florence, Venice, Switzerland and Paris. When he moved north to England, he met William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Thomas Carlyle. Emerson was strongly influenced by Carlyle and the two remained good friends for life. On returning back to America in 1833, Emerson started living with his mother in Newton, Massachusetts but later shifted to Concord, Massachusetts. Witnessing the Lyceum movement, Emerson found a budding career as a lecturer. He gave his first lecture on November 5, 1833 discussing about “Uses of Natural History in Boston". Very soon he became one of the most influential people in the town. On September 12, 1835 which was the 200th anniversary of the town of Concord, Emerson was asked to give a lecture on the commemoration ceremony.

Later Life
On September 8, 1836 Emerson together with Henry Hedge, George Putnam and George Ripley led the foundation of Transcendentalism. The first official meeting of this Transcendental Club was held on September 19, 1836. The same year, Emerson had anonymously published his first essay, “Nature”. A year later, in 1837, he delivered his now-famous Phi Beta Kappa address, “The American Scholar”, which was then known as “An Oration, Delivered before the Phi Beta Kappa Society at Cambridge”. The sermon was later renamed for a collection of essays in 1849. In the March of 1837, Emerson gave a series of lectures on “The Philosophy of History at Boston's Masonic Temple”. This marked the beginning of his serious career as a lecturer. Emerson earned great profits from the lecture and eventually, continued to manage his own lectures. With time, Emereson gave as many as 80 lectures a year, traveling across the northern part of the United States. He traveled as far as St. Louis, Des Moines, Minneapolis, and California.
In July 1840, Transcendental Club published its first flagship journal, “The Dial”. George Ripley was the managing editor of the journal, whereas Margaret Fuller was its first editor whom Emerson had selected himself. In the subsequent year, he published “Essays”, his second book and first of the series, which included the famous essay, “Self-Reliance”. Emerson then penned the poem “Threnody” and the essay “Experience” in 1842. Two years later, in April 1844, the publication of “The Dial”, however, stopped. The same year, Emerson published his second collection of essays, “Essays: Second Series” which included his famous works like “The Poet”, “Experience”, and “Gifts”. By the year 1845, he also came in contact with Indian philosophy by the works of French philosopher Victor Cousin. He read Bhagavad Gita and Henry Thomas Colebrooke's Essays on the Vedas and was strongly influenced by Vedas.
After the death of his friend Margaret Fuller in 1850, Emerson, along with James Freeman Clarke and William Henry Channing, took the task of editing her letters and works to compile her biography. The biography was published with the title “The Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli” and became the best selling biography of the decade. “The Conduct Of Life” was released in 1960. His final original collection of essays, this book dealt with some of the hottest issues that were in rage at that time. In January 1862, Emerson visited Washington D.C. and gave a lecture at the Smithsonian on January 31. The next day he met Abraham Lincoln at White House. Lincoln had seen his works previously and had liked them. Emerson always wanted the immediate emancipation of the slaves, but expressed his anti-slavery views only during the time of civil war. His family members and friends were always against slavery and worked as active abolitionists. In the later years of his life, Emerson also became one of the active abolitionists of slavery.

 
Personal Life
On the Christmas Day of 1827, Emerson met his first wife Ellen Louisa Tucker, for the first time in Concord, New Hampshire. She was only 18 when the two got married in 1829. After the marriage, Emerson moved to Boston with his wife and mother. In a short time of two years, his wife died on February 8, 1831. Her death deeply moved him and he used to visit her grave daily. On September 14, 1835, Emerson married to Lydia Jackson in her hometown of Plymouth, Massachusetts. The couple had four children namely Waldo, Ellen, Edith, and Edward Waldo Emerson.

Death
Emerson’s health started to decline with year 1867 and his condition worsened by the spring of 1872 when he showed problems with memory and suffered from aphasia. It was said that by the end of the decade, there were a number of times, when Emerson actually forgot his own name. After getting drenched in a sudden rain shower in the cold night of April 19, 1882, he caught pneumonia. Emerson died on April 27, 1882 and was buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord, Massachusetts.

Amenti

Wheels and Cycles of Creation:

From a higher perspective time is understood as an experiential quality within the framework of materialization. From this higher perspective the linear time concept that we have here in this material universe is a well constructed illusion and all incarnations happen simultaneously in an eternal present.
In many roles I saw these Lords of Light
who came to show me the Creation of All.
They asked me to join them in creation
as I once had before.
I became one with the Light.
And then I knew.
They are all the same
All One Soul
I am, as they are.
We are One.

Anunnaki Bloodlines & The Dark Aganda

If you are interested in this topic and you have a few hours time to listen to interviews and documantaries, then feel free to check out my YouTube playlist regarding this topic, called:
"The Anunnaki & The Dark Agenda"
Here is the link:

If you are new in this field of investigation, 
 please first check out the short documantary
about the genetic history of mankind.
"Annunaki Blood"


The Dark Side of Royal Bloodlines 

 

White Rose - non-violent intellectual German resistance group in WW2

The White Rose (German: die Weiße Rose) was a non-violent/intellectual resistance group in Nazi Germany, consisting of students from the University of Munich and their philosophy professor. The group became known for an anonymous leaflet campaign, lasting from June 1942 until February 1943, that called for active opposition to dictator Adolf Hitler's regime. The six core members of the group were arrested by the Gestapo and they were executed by decapitation in 1943. The text of their sixth leaflet was smuggled by Helmuth James Graf von Moltke out of Germany through Scandinavia to the United Kingdom, and in July 1943 copies of it were dropped over Germany by Allied planes, retitled "The Manifesto of the Students of Munich." Another member, Hans Conrad Leipelt, who helped distribute Leaflet 6 in Hamburg, was executed on January 29, 1945 for his participation. Today, the members of the White Rose are honored in Germany amongst its greatest heroes, since they opposed the Third Reich in the face of death.

Contents:
    1 Members
        1.1 Members and actions
        1.2 Influences and vision
    2 Origin
    3 Leaflets
    4 Capture and trial
    5 Commemoration
    6 In the media
    7 Quotations
    8 Notes
    9 Further reading
    10 External links



1 Members

1.1 Members and actions


Members of the White Rose, Munich 1942. From left: Hans Scholl, his sister Sophie Scholl, and Christoph Probst. The core of the White Rose were students from the University of Munich — Hans Scholl, Sophie Scholl, Alex Schmorell, Willi Graf, Christoph Probst, Traute Lafrenz, Katharina Schueddekopf, Lieselotte (Lilo) Berndl, Jürgen Wittenstein, Marie-Luise Jahn and Falk Harnack. Most were in their early twenties. A professor of philosophy and musicology, Kurt Huber, was also associated with their cause. Additionally, Wilhelm Geyer, Manfred Eickemeyer, Josef Soehngen, and Harald Dohrn participated in their debates. Geyer taught Alexander Schmorell how to make the tin templates used in the graffiti campaign. Eugen Grimminger of Stuttgart funded their operations. Grimminger's secretary Tilly Hahn contributed her own funds to the cause, and acted as go-between for Grimminger and the group in Munich. She frequently carried supplies such as envelopes, paper, and an additional duplicating machine from Stuttgart to Munich.
Between June 1942 and February 1943, the group prepared and distributed six leaflets, in which they called for the active opposition of the German people to Nazi oppression and tyranny. Huber wrote the final leaflet. A draft of a seventh leaflet, designed by Christoph Probst, was found in the possession of Hans Scholl at the time of his arrest by the Gestapo. While Sophie Scholl hid incriminating evidence on her person before being taken into custody, Hans did not do the same with Probst's leaflet draft or cigarette coupons given to him by Geyer, an act that cost Probst his life and nearly undid Geyer.



1.2 Influences and vision

The White Rose was influenced by the German Youth Movement, of which Christoph Probst was a member. Hans Scholl was a member of the Hitler Youth until 1937, and Sophie was a member of the Bund Deutscher Mädel. Membership of both groups was compulsory for young Germans, although many - such as Willi Graf, Otl Aicher, and Heinz Brenner - refused to join. The ideas of Deutsche Jungenschaft vom 1.11.1929 (dj 1.11.) had strong influence on Hans Scholl and his colleagues. d.j.1.11 was a youth group of the German Youth Movement, founded by Eberhard Koebel in 1929. Willi Graf was a member of Neudeutschland, a Catholic youth association, and the Grauer Orden. The group was motivated by ethical and moral considerations. They came from various religious backgrounds. Willi and Katharina were devout Catholics. The Scholls, Lilo, and Falk were just as devoutly Lutheran. Traute adhered to the concepts of anthroposophy, while Eugen Grimminger considered himself Buddhist. Christoph Probst was baptized a Catholic shortly before his execution. His father Hermann was nominally a Catholic, but for some time he was into Eastern thought and wisdom. That is the reason why his son Christoph was not baptized as a baby.
Some had witnessed atrocities of the war on the battlefield and against the civilian population in the East. Willi Graf saw the Warsaw and Lodz Ghettos, and could not get the images of brutality out of his mind. By February 1943, the young friends sensed the reversal of fortune that the Wehrmacht suffered at Stalingrad would eventually lead to Germany's defeat. They rejected fascism and militarism and believed in a federated Europe that adhered to principles of tolerance and justice.


2 Origin

In 1941 Hans Scholl read a copy of a sermon by an outspoken critic of the Nazi regime, Bishop August von Galen, decrying the euthanasia policies (extended that same year to the concentration camps) which the Nazis maintained would protect the German gene pool. Horrified by the Nazi policies, Sophie obtained permission to reprint the sermon and distribute it at the University of Munich as the group's first leaflet prior to their formal organization. Under Gestapo interrogation, Hans Scholl gave several explanations for the origin of the name "The White Rose," and suggested he may have chosen it while he was under the emotional influence of an obscure 19th century poem with the same name by German poet Clemens Brentano. Most scholars, as well as the German public, have taken this answer at face value. Earlier, before these Gestapo transcripts surfaced, Annette Dumbach and Jud Newborn speculated briefly that the origin might have come from a German novel Die Weiße Rose- The White Rose, published in Berlin in 1929 and written by B. Traven, the German author of The Treasure of the Sierra Madre. Dumbach and Newborn said there was a chance that Hans Scholl and Alex Schmorell had read this. They also wrote that the symbol of the white rose was intended to represent purity and innocence in the face of evil. In February 2006, however, Dr. Jud Newborn authored an essay entitled, "Solving Mysteries: The Secret of 'The White Rose'," originally intended as an Afterword to his co-authored book.In this essay he argues that Hans Scholl's response to the Gestapo was intentionally misleading in order to protect Josef Soenghen, the anti-Nazi bookseller who had provided the White Rose members with a safe meeting place for the exchange of information and to receive occasional financial contributions. Soenghen kept a stash of banned books hidden in his store. Dr. Newborn also looked into the content of B. Traven's The White Rose, arguing that the novel, banned by the Nazis in 1933, provided evidence of origin of the group's name. In the same essay, Newborn also revealed information about Hans Scholl's 1937/1938 arrest and trial for participation in a youth movement banned the end of 1936—one he had joined in 1934, when he and other Ulm Hitler Youth members considered membership in this group and the Hitler Youth to be compatible. Hans Scholl was also accused of transgressing Paragraph 175, the anti-homosexuality law, because of a same-sex teen relationship dating back to 1934-5, when Hans was only 16 years old. Newborn built this argument partially on the work of Eckard Holler, a sociologist specializing in the German Youth Movement, as well as on the Gestapo interrogation transcripts from the 1937/38 arrest, and with reference to historian George Mosse's discussion of the homoerotic aspects of the German "bündisch" Youth Movement. As Mosse indicated, idealized romantic attachments among male youths was not uncommon in Germany, especially among members of the "bündisch" associations. Newborn argued that this experience led both Hans and Sophie to identify with the victims of the Nazi state, providing an explanation for why Hans and Sophie Scholl made the transformation from avid Hitler Youth leaders to passionate opponents of National Socialism.




3 Leaflets

Quoting extensively from the Bible, Aristotle and Novalis, as well as Goethe and Schiller, they appealed to what they considered the German intelligentsia, believing that they would be intrinsically opposed to Nazism. At first, the leaflets were sent out in mailings from cities in Bavaria and Austria, since the members believed that southern Germany would be more receptive to their anti-militarist message.
“     Isn’t it true that every honest German is ashamed of his government these days? Who among us has any conception of the dimensions of shame that will befall us and our children when one day the veil has fallen from our eyes and the most horrible of crimes—crimes that infinitely outdistance every human measure—reach the light of day?     ”

— From the first leaflet of the White Rose

“     Since the conquest of Poland three hundred thousand Jews have been murdered in this country in the most bestial way … The German people slumber on in their dull, stupid sleep and encourage these fascist criminals … Each man wants to be exonerated of a guilt of this kind, each one continues on his way with the most placid, the calmest conscience. But he cannot be exonerated; he is guilty, guilty, guilty!     ”

— From the second leaflet of the White Rose.

Alexander Schmorell, who penned the words the White Rose, has become most famous for having spoken. Most of the more practical material —calls to arms and statistics of murder— came from Alex's pen. Hans Scholl wrote in a characteristically high style, exhorting the German people to action on the grounds of philosophy and reason.

At the end of July 1942, some of the male students in the group were deployed to the Eastern Front for military service (acting as medics) during the academic break. In late autumn, the men returned, and the White Rose resumed its resistance activities. In January 1943, using a hand-operated duplicating machine, the group is thought to have produced between 6,000 and 9,000 copies of their fifth leaflet, "Appeal to all Germans!", which was distributed via courier runs to many cities (where they were mailed). Copies appeared in Stuttgart, Cologne, Vienna, Freiburg, Chemnitz, Hamburg, Innsbruck, and Berlin. The fifth leaflet was composed by Hans Scholl with improvements by Huber. These leaflets warned that Hitler was leading Germany into the abyss; with the gathering might of the Allies, defeat was now certain. The reader was urged to "Support the resistance movement!" in the struggle for "Freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and protection of the individual citizen from the arbitrary action of criminal dictator-states". These were the principles that would form "the foundations of the new Europe".

The leaflets caused a sensation, and the Gestapo began an intensive search for the publishers.

On the nights of the 3rd, 8th, and 15 February 1943, the slogans "Freedom" and "Down with Hitler" appeared on the walls of the University and other buildings in Munich. Alexander Schmorell, Hans Scholl and Willi Graf had painted them with tar-based paint (similar graffiti that appeared in the surrounding area at this time was painted by imitators).

The shattering German defeat at Stalingrad at the beginning of February provided the occasion for the group's sixth leaflet, written by Huber. Headed "Fellow students!", it announced that the "day of reckoning" had come for "the most contemptible tyrant our people has ever endured"."The dead of Stalingrad adjure us!" Leaflet No. 6 was copied by the Allies and dropped from aircraft.




4 Capture and trial

Atrium of the University: On 18 February 1943, coincidentally the same day that Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels called on the German people to embrace total war in his Sportpalast speech, the Scholls brought a suitcase full of leaflets to the university. They hurriedly dropped stacks of copies in the empty corridors for students to find when they flooded out of lecture rooms. Leaving before the class break, the Scholls noticed that some copies remained in the suitcase and decided it would be a pity not to distribute them. They returned to the atrium and climbed the staircase to the top floor, and Sophie flung the last remaining leaflets into the air. This spontaneous action was observed by the custodian Jakob Schmid. The police were called and Hans and Sophie Scholl were taken into Gestapo custody. Sophie and Hans were interrogated by Gestapo interrogator Robert Mohr, who initially thought Sophie was innocent. However, after Hans confessed, Sophie assumed full responsibility in an attempt to protect other members of the White Rose. Despite this, the other active members were soon arrested, and the group and everyone associated with them were brought in for interrogation.

The Scholls and Probst were the first to stand trial before the Volksgerichtshof—the People's Court that tried political offenses against the Nazi German state—on 22 February 1943. They were found guilty of treason and Roland Freisler, head judge of the court, sentenced them to death. The three were executed the same day by guillotine. All three were noted for the courage with which they faced their deaths, particularly Sophie, who remained firm despite intense interrogation (however, reports that she arrived at the trial with a broken leg from torture are false). She said to Freisler during the trial, "You know as well as we do that the war is lost. Why are you so cowardly that you won't admit it?"When Hans was executed, he said "Let freedom live" as the blade fell.

The second White Rose trial took place on 19 April 1943. Only eleven had been indicted before this trial. At the last minute, the prosecutor added Traute Lafrenz (who was considered so dangerous that she was to have had a trial all to herself), Gisela Schertling, and Katharina Schueddekopf. None had an attorney. One was assigned after the women appeared in court with their friends.

Professor Huber had counted on the good services of his friend, Attorney Justizrat Roder, a high-ranking Nazi. Roder had not bothered to visit Huber before the trial and had not read Huber's leaflet. Another attorney had carried out all the pre-trial paperwork. When Roder realized how damning the evidence was against Huber, he resigned. The junior attorney took over.

Grimminger initially was to receive the death sentence for funding their operations. His attorney successfully used the female wiles of Tilly Hahn to convince Freisler that Grimminger had not known what the money was really being used for. Grimminger therefore escaped with a sentence of ten years in a penitentiary.

The third White Rose trial was to have taken place on 20 April 1943 (Hitler's birthday), because Freisler anticipated death sentences for Wilhelm Geyer, Harald Dohrn, Josef Soehngen, and Manfred Eickemeyer. He did not want too many death sentences at a single trial, and had scheduled those four for the next day. However, the evidence against them was lost, and the trial was postponed until 13 July 1943.

At that trial, Gisela Schertling —who had betrayed most of the friends, even fringe members like Gerhard Feuerle— redeemed herself by recanting her testimony against all of them. Since Freisler did not preside over the third trial, the judge acquitted all but Soehngen (who got only six months in prison) for lack of evidence.

Alexander Schmorell and Kurt Huber were beheaded on 13 July 1943, and Willi Graf on 12 October 1943. Friends and colleagues of the White Rose, who had helped in the preparation and distribution of leaflets and in collecting money for the widow and young children of Probst, were sentenced to prison terms ranging from six months to ten years.

Prior to their deaths, several members of the White Rose believed that their execution would stir university students and other anti-war citizens into activism against Hitler and the war.

After her release for the sentence handed down on April 19, Traute Lafrenz was rearrested. She spent the last year of the war in prison. Trials kept being postponed and moved to different locations because of Allied air raids. Her trial was finally set for April 1945, after which she probably would have been executed. Three days before the trial, however, the Allies liberated the town where she was held prisoner, thereby saving her life.

The White Rose had the last word. Their last leaflet was smuggled to the Allies, who edited it, and air-dropped millions of copies over Germany. The members of the White Rose, especially Sophie, became icons of the new post-war Germany.


5 Commemoration

A black granite memorial to the White Rose Movement in the Hofgarten in Munich with the dome of the Bavarian State Chancellery in the background

The square where the central hall of Munich University is located has been named "Geschwister-Scholl-Platz" after Hans and Sophie Scholl; the square opposite to it is "Professor-Huber-Platz". Two large fountains are in front of the university, one on either side of Ludwigstraße. The fountain in front of the university is dedicated to Hans and Sophie Scholl. The other, across the street, is dedicated to Professor Huber. Many schools, streets, and other places across Germany are named in memory of the members of the White Rose.

One of Germany's leading literary prizes is called the "Geschwister Scholl" prize (the "Scholl Siblings" prize.)

The White Rose has also received artistic treatments, including the acclaimed opera Weiße Rose by Udo Zimmermann, In memoriam: die weisse Rose by Hans Werner Henze and Kommilitonen!, an opera by Peter Maxwell Davies.

With the fall of Nazi Germany, the White Rose came to represent opposition to tyranny in the German psyche and was lauded for acting without interest in personal power or self-aggrandizement. Their story became so well-known that the composer Carl Orff claimed (falsely by some accounts[10]) to his Allied interrogators that he was a founding member of the White Rose and was released. He was personally acquainted with Huber, but there is no evidence that Orff was ever involved in the movement.



6 In the media

The following, although not exhaustive, provides a chronological account of some of the more notable treatments of the White Rose in media, book and artistic form.

Beginning in the 1970s, three film accounts of the White Rose resistance were produced. The first was a film financed by the Bavarian state government entitled Das Versprechen' (The Promise) and released in the 1970s. The film is not well known outside Germany, and to some extent even within the country. It was particularly notable in that unlike most films, it showed the White Rose from its inception and how it progressed. In 1982, Percy Adlon's Fünf letzte Tage (The Last Five Days) presented Lena Stolze as Sophie in her last days from the point of view of her cellmate Else Gebel. In the same year, Stolze repeated the role in Michael Verhoeven's Die Weiße Rose (The White Rose).

A book, Sophie Scholl and the White Rose, was published in English in February 2006. An account by Annette Dumbach and Dr. Jud Newborn tells the story behind the film Sophie Scholl: The Final Days, focusing on the White Rose movement while setting the group's resistance in the broader context of German culture and politics and other forms of resistance during the Nazi era.

As mentioned earlier, Udo Zimmermann composed a chamber opera about the White Rose (Weiße Rose) in 1986. Premiering in Hamburg, it went on to earn acclaim and a series of international performances.

Lillian Garrett-Groag's play, The White Rose, premiered at the Old Globe Theatre in 1991. Several plays have also been written by teachers in the USA for performance by students.

In Fatherland, an alternate history novel by Robert Harris, there is passing reference to the White Rose still remaining active in supposedly Nazi-ruled Germany in 1964.

In an extended German national TV competition held in the autumn of 2003 to choose "the ten greatest Germans of all time" (ZDF TV), Germans under the age of 40 placed Hans and Sophie Scholl in fourth place, selecting them over Bach, Goethe, Gutenberg, Willy Brandt, Bismarck, and Albert Einstein. Not long before, women readers of the mass-circulation magazine Brigitte had voted Sophie Scholl as "the greatest woman of the twentieth century".

In 2003, a group of students at the University of Texas in Austin, Texas established The White Rose Society dedicated to Holocaust remembrance and genocide awareness. Every April, the White Rose Society hands out 10,000 white roses on campus, representing the approximate number of people killed in a single day at Auschwitz. The date corresponds with Yom Hashoah, Holocaust Memorial Day. The group organizes performances of The Rose of Treason, a play about the White Rose, and has rights to show the movie Sophie Scholl – Die letzten Tage (Sophie Scholl: The Final Days). The White Rose Society is affiliated with Hillel and the Anti-Defamation League.[citation needed]

In February 2005, a movie about Sophie Scholl's last days, Sophie Scholl – Die letzten Tage (Sophie Scholl: The Final Days), featuring actress Julia Jentsch as Sophie, was released. Drawing on interviews with survivors and transcripts that had remained hidden in East German archives until 1990, it was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in January 2006. An English language film, The White Rose, was in development for a time in 2005/06, to be directed by Angelica Huston and starring Christina Ricci as Sophie Scholl, but has since been abandoned, as it no longer appears on the Internet Movie Database site. Another American film project about the White Rose continues to be under development[citation needed] by co-author Jud Newborn of the 2006 book Sophie Scholl and the White Rose.

White Rose has inspired many people around the world, including many anti-war activists in recent years. Scattered throughout 2007-2008, 5 hoax pipe bombs were placed at various military recruitment centers with the words "Die Weisse Rose" written upon them.

In February 2009, a biography of Sophie Scholl, Sophie Scholl: The Real Story of the Woman Who Defied Hitler, was published in English by the History Press. The book, by the Oxford-educated British historian Frank McDonough, includes material related to Hans Scholl and featured in the national press in the UK and rose up the best seller lists. This renewed interest in Hans and Sophie Scholl led to the first ever showing on UK national television of Sophie Scholl: The Final Days on Channel 4 in March 2009.

The UK-based genocide prevention student network Aegis Students uses a white rose as their symbol in commemoration of the White Rose movement. There are numerous study guides to the White Rose, notably one available from the University of Minnesota's Holocaust Center.

In 2009, Dan Fesperman published a novel entitled The Arms Maker of Berlin in which activities by real and fictional White Rose characters play a significant role in the story.

In 2011, a documentary film by André Bossuroy addressing the memory of the victims of Nazism and of Stalinism ICH BIN, with the support from the Fondation Hippocrène and from the EACEA Agency of the European Commission (Programme Europe for citizens – An active European remembrance), RTBF, VRT. Four young Europeans meet with historians and witnesses of our past… They investigate the events of the Second World War in Germany (the student movement of the White Rose in Munich), in France (the Vel d’Hiv Roundup in Paris, the resistance in Vercors) and in Russia (Katyn Forest massacre).They examine the impact of these events; curious to how the European peoples are creating their identities today.


7 Quotations

    If everyone waits until the other man makes a start, the messengers of avenging Nemesis will come steadily closer. (From Leaflet 1, urging immediate initiative by the reader. Nemesis of course punished those who had fallen to the temptation of hubris.)

    Why do German people behave so apathetically in the face of all these abominable crimes, crimes so unworthy of the human race? ... The German people slumber on in their dull, stupid sleep and encourage these fascist criminals....[The German] must evidence not only sympathy; no, much more: a sense of complicity in guilt....For through his apathetic behaviour he gives these evil men the opportunity to act as they do.... he himself is to blame for the fact that it came about at all! Each man wants to be exonerated ....But he cannot be exonerated; he is guilty, guilty, guilty!... now that we have recognized [the Nazis] for what they are, it must be the sole and first duty, the holiest duty of every German to destroy these beasts. (From Leaflet 2)

    ...why do you allow these men who are in power to rob you step by step, openly and in secret, of one domain of your rights after another, until one day nothing, nothing at all will be left but a mechanised state system presided over by criminals and drunks? Is your spirit already so crushed by abuse that you forget it is your right - or rather, your moral duty - to eliminate this system? (From Leaflet 3)

    ...every convinced opponent of National Socialism must ask himself how he can fight against the present "state" in the most effective way, how he can strike it the most telling blows. Through passive resistance, without a doubt. (From Leaflet 3)

    We will not be silent. We are your bad conscience. The White Rose will not leave you in peace! (Leaflet 4's concluding phrase, which became the motto of the White Rose resistance.) "We will not be silent" has been put on t-shirts in many languages (among them Arabic, Spanish, French, Hebrew, and Persian) in protest against the U.S. war in Iraq. This shirt, in the English-Arabic version, led, in 2006, to the Iraqi blogger Raed Jarrar's being prevented from boarding a Jet Blue airplane from New York to his home in San Francisco, until he changed his shirt.

    Last words of Sophie Scholl: …your heads will fall as well. There is, however, some dispute over whether Sophie or Hans actually said this; other sources claim that Sophie's final words were God, you are my refuge into eternity. The film Sophie Scholl, The Last Days shows her last words as being The sun still shines (however, these are probably fictitious).

    Last words of Hans Scholl: Es lebe die Freiheit! (Long live freedom!).

    Now my death will be easy and joyful. These were the words of Christoph Probst after a Catholic priest conditionally (sub conditione) baptized him and had heard his first Confession.


8 Notes & 9 Further Reading 

at the source of this article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Rose

Monday, December 26, 2011

Azure Ray "The Drinks We Drank Last Night"

I am a big fan of the female duo Azure Ray since 2004, 
when I fell in love with their beautiful
 Album "Hold On Love".

Azure Ray "The Drinks We Drank Last Night" 
(live concert video)


Azure Ray homepage: http://www.azureraymusic.com/

song lyrics: Azure Ray "The Drinks We Drank Last Night"

Riding on these waves
Holding on to what you say
Everything will be okay
it will work out one way

But I’ve drifted way too far
my arms my legs have grown too tired
And could you be inspired, now I’m just tired

And on a swing you push me hard
So I’ll come back to where you are
And you know I’m never far
no decisions nothing hard

And I knew that it would rain tonight
I’ll take the bus or the next flight
I won't give up on what feels right

If you see these tears fill in my eyes
It's just the wind that makes me cry
If you could feel this pain inside
It's from the drinks we drank last night
It's from the drinks we drank last night

The shadow of our past,
projects on clouds of dust and gas
The ones where my eyes will rest,
a silhouette of loneliness

If you see these tears fill in my eyes
It's just the wind that makes me cry
If you could feel this pain inside
It's from the drinks we drank last night
It's from the drinks we drank last night

Sunday, December 25, 2011

Carl Gustav Jung ~ God's Messenger ~

I love Carl Gustav Jung. He had a so called 'psychotic' experience when he was young and this lead him to become who he was/is, because he wanted to understand what is really going on. He was a Psychiatrist, founder of Analytical Psychology and a Gnostic Mystic Scientific Spiritualist. The masses of Psychiatrists nowadays are very far away from the brilliancy that Carl Gustav Jung represents, because they do not understand the metaphysical depth & spiritual aspects of his material. David Icke, who in the early 1990's also had life-changing conciousness energy experience, which these average (& closed-minded) psychiatrists would define as a so called 'psychotic' experience would say: "They are in a box." :)) LOL

A wannabe cool Black OPs CIA/NSA insider said to me that C.G.Jung is responsible for mind-control programs and this is why he hates him. Every kind of knowledge can be abused and that is the danger of course. I love C.G.Jung because he always had good intentions and wanted to help humanity.

Enjoy the video ~ uploaded today on my YouTube channel :) <3<3<3

Carl Gustav Jung ~ A Gnostic Mystic Beacon Of Light 

~ God's Messenger ~

 

post scriptum:

a few quotes by Carl Gustav Jung: 

    "The meeting of two personalities is like the contact of two chemical substances: if there is any reaction, both are transformed." 

    "Your vision will become clear only when you look into your heart. Who looks outside, dreams. Who looks inside, awakens."

    "Knowing your own darkness is the best method for dealing with the darknesses of other people." 

    “Enlightenment is not imagining figures of light but making the darkness conscious.”

    “Everything that irritates us about others can lead us to an understanding of ourselves.”


Saturday, December 24, 2011

Blue Flame of Anger & MAD AS HELL


The wise man Michael Tsarion talks in this 24 minute video about 
the "Blue Flame of Anger & MAD AS HELL"


Jeru, the Prophet, the Devil & The Dawn of a New Day

A Tribute to Brooklyn's Finest Rapper

2007 Album "Still Rising"

1994 Album "The Sun Rises in the East"

YouTube video:
Jeru the Damaja

~ "The Prophet" + "Ain't the Devil happy" 

~ (A Tribute to Brooklyn's Finest Rapper) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ta77gOqQKlI

1.) "The Prophet" 0:00

 (2007 Album: "Still Rising") 


2.) "Ain't the Devil happy" 4:07 

(1994 Album: "The Sun Rises in the East")

   http://jeruthedamaja.com/

Discography:

http://www.discogs.com/artist/Jeru+The+Damaja